화요일, 8월 25, 2015

Reasons for the laureate selection - Dr. Modadugu Vijay Gupta, a Pioneer of the Blue Revolution

Hello, this is the Sunhak Peace Prize blog.

Before introducing main achievements of the laureate, let me explain the background.
To suggest alternative solutions for food crisis, Dr. Gupta went here and there in Asia and Africa. He is known as a saint from India in Southeast Asia slums. Dr. Gupta who thought other’s hunger as like his own one was a ray of hope for many these hungers.
While having a time to think about problems of food crisis and the solutions, let us explain the background of laureate selection.

Modaudugu Vijay Gupta

What does peace mean to you? In addition to the absence of war, peace is the absence of violence, conflict, and deprivation which all threaten humanity. Dasgupta chief researcher raised awareness of the seriousness of the third world countries. And he insisted solving this problem is the task of peace study.  Through expanding on Dasgupta’s agenda, Johan Galtung separated violence into two categories ‘direct violence’ and ‘structural violence’, and suggested that we should solve ‘organized violence’ and focus on realizing world peace.

Food Crisis

After a discussion on the most urgent non-violent threat to future generations, in accordance with these modern peace studies, the Sunhak Peace Prize Committee has focused on “food crises” directly related to human life.

■ Two out of three undernourished people in the world are Asian.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, changes in the distribution of the world hunger.

■ Global food prices are continuously rising.

World population growth 
Fertilizer, food, and oil price 

In the short term, signs of food crises appear in soaring grain prices. If this phenomenon is prolonged and globalized, there is a possibility of the weaponization of food resources. Due to population growth, rising price of oil and foods, and climate change, poor countries that lack self-sufficiency are in danger of facing food crises.

■ There is a serious shortage of seafood products as well as agriculture products.
The world fisheries production and supply per person per year.

■ Aquaculture has received attention as a solution to the global food crises.

CFS(Committee on World Food Security) High Level Panel of Experts 2014

Due to these circumstances, Dr. Vijay Gupta developed aquaculture technologies to allow the poor to easily pioneer their difficult environment. He has also devoted himself to solving the unbalanced distribution of food by sharing his methods and training people for self-sufficiency. 
Growing up, Dr. Gupta often went to the beach near his home with his father. He was inspired to become a fishery scientist (marine biologist?) with the aim of helping people after watching fisherman search for insufficient but necessary fish. 

This is the same idea with the founder of the Sunhak Peace Prize Rev. Sun Myung Moon who emphasized the importance of oceans to solve food problems.

 “The issue of food will present humankind with a very serious crisis in the future. We cannot build a world of peace without first resolving the food issue. Sufficient food supplies for all the world’s population cannot be produced on the limited amount of land area that is currently available. We must look to the oceans for a solution. !e oceans hold the key to solving the food crisis of the future. This is the reason I have been pioneering the oceans for the past several decades.”

In Chinese, peace is 和平[hépíng]. 和[hé] is composed of two parts: the left side means “rice”(禾), while the right side means “mouth”(口). Dr. Gupta is indeed a peace maker who understands the meaning of peace very well.

Because of the enormous support from people who were helped by Dr. Gupta, as well as the world’s recognition of his dedication, the Sunhak Peace Prize Committee selected Dr. Modadugu V. Gupta as the inaugural laureate for the prize. 

[YTN Radio] Metropolitan Dating with the Sunhak Peace Prize Committee Chairman Il-Sik Hong

The Sunhak Peace Prize, the Korean Nobel Prize, will spread its vision of peace.
The chairman of the Sunhak Peace Prize Committee is Il-Sik Hong

The awards ceremony for the Sunhak Peace Prize will be held on August 28. We invited the chairman of the Sunhak Peace Prize Committee, Il-Sik Hong, to further explain what the Sunhak Peace Prize is and its meaning.
Chairman Hong, could you please explain what this prize is?

Yes, it is an international peace prize which will be awarded for the first time this year. It honors individuals and organizations that have made outstanding contributions to peace. Particularly, the Sunhak Peace Prize has a concept of peace for future generations and we are focusing on people who make efforts to bring peace to the world. This year’s theme is ocean. We announced our inaugural laureates on June 9 at the National Press Club in Washington D.C., U.S. The awards ceremony will be held this coming August 28 in Seoul.

What does “Sunhak” stand for?

Similar to the Nobel Peace Prize, it is after the founder’s name. ‘Sunhak’ is composed of the first names of the late Rev. Sun Myung Moon and his wife Dr. Hak Ja Han Moon, who have devoted their lives for the peaceful vision of one family under God.

If the Sunhak Peace Prize starts this year, then will it be awarded annually?

Yes, each year we will focus on a particular peace theme.

Since this is the first awards ceremony to be held, as the chairman you must feel a heavy responsibility..

Yes, I feel a very heavy responsibility as the first chairman of the committee. Especially, in Korea, there are many people who do not know much about the Sunhak Peace Prize yet, so I have the responsibility to publicize it and make it well known. I’m very dedicated to this task.

Who else is involved in the Sunhak Peace Prize Committee.?

Various kinds of people in the world are involved in our committee. Including the former Secretary General of the United Nations Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the former Japanese Defense Minister Ohno Yoshinori, and the Big Chief monk of Bulguksa Temple, Jogye Order Venerable Seong-Ta, there are 15 committee members who are representatives of politics, media, education and religion.

You mentioned the theme of this year is the ocean. Is there any reason for this?

Yes, so far we have a stereotyped thinking that peace is the opposite meaning of wars. But in fact, there are a plethora of catastrophes which bring more serious worries and misfortunes to human societies and we thought we have to change our perception of peace. In the 21th century, not a war but climate change like the tsunami phenomenon happened in 2009 is more severe threat to future peace. The El Niño phenomenon and environmental disasters due to energy depletion are the main issues. Oceans cover 71% of the earth. There are vast resources and ocean regulate climate. This  being so, the Committee decided on the ‘Ocean’ which is an alternative solution of peace for human beings and a treasure house for future generations as the theme for the inaugural Sunhak Peace Prize.

You mentioned the Committee already announced the laureates, President of Kiribati Anote Tong and Indian Dr. Modadugu Gupta as the dual recipients. Would you like to tell us the reason for the selection of President Anote Tong?

First of all, the Republic of Kiribati is an unfamiliar country so many people do not know about it. Kiribati is an island country located on the vicinity of the equator in the South Pacific. The citizens have not done anything wrong, but due to global warming, their land is in danger of being submerged. H.E. Anote Tong is the president of this small island country. He raised awareness of the importance of climate change and sought action by the international communities. He gave a warning to the wealthy countries emitting lots of carbon dioxide and urged the international communities to take action to protect the people struggling at the frontline of climate change. Furthermore, Pres. Tong is a global leader who devoted himself to passing down a clean earth to future generations.

Would you like to introduce the other laureate, Dr. Gupta?

Yes, he is a professor at Calcutta University and he has dedicated his whole life to leading a Blue Revolution by developing aquaculture techniques as an alternative solution to future food crises. The Blue Revolution is the significant increase of aquaculture production due to innovative techniques while the Green Revolution is the rapid growth of agricultural output. Dr. Gupta has been a pioneer of the Blue Revolution since the 1960s. He taught his aquaculture methods to the extreme poor in Southeast Asia, in places such as Bangladesh, and in Africa. He improved the nutritional status, the rights of women, and the self-resilience of those living in poverty through his training.

Will the laureates will receive cash prize?

Yes, the laureates of the Sunhak Peace Prize will receive the Sunhak Peace Prize medal, a certificate and a cash prize of Korean \1 billion (~USD $1 million).

What is the distinct characteristic of the Sunhak Peace Prize?

Most peace prizes award the peace dedications of the past. However, the Sunhak Peace Prize focuses on the contributions for future peace. Future peace may seem a bit distant, what the current generation has done will negatively or positively affect future generations. That is why the future is always up to the people who are preparing. God never gives future glory to those who are not preparing. The Sunhak Peace Prize focuses on climate change based on this peace vision. The Sunhak Peace Prize will continue to search for individuals and organizations that have contributed to the peace and create a peaceful civilization for future generations.

목요일, 8월 20, 2015

[Introduction Video of the laureate of the Sunhak Peace Prize]_A global leader creating peace at the forefront of climate, President Anote Tong of Kiribati

Hello~ this is the Sunhak Peace Prize for future generations.

We’d like to show you a video introducing the achievements of President Anote Tong the first laureate of the Sunhak Peace Prize.
He is a global leader whose dedication and passionate leadership helped to bring about a consensus by the international community concerning climate peace. He dedicated himself to raising public awareness of the severe impacts of the climate crisis to the international community in order to address its impacts on his country of Kiribati, which is gradually being submerged due to rising sea-levels caused by climate change.

월요일, 8월 03, 2015

Reasons for the laureate selection - President Anote Tong, a hero confronting global warming at the forefront of climate change

This is the Sunhak Peace Prize blog.
Before introducing main achievements of the laureate, let me explain the background
I’d like to call President Anote Tong a hero confronting global warming at the forefront of climate change.

However, global warming is not only an issue for him.
All human beings have to take responsibility and solve problems together.

Now, let’s see why he is selected as the first Sunhak Peace Prize laureate and think about the global crisis due to climate change.

Anote Tong

Sunhak Peace Prize Committee has focused on climate change and food security as the most pressing non-peaceful crisis future generations will be faced with. Recently, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC) has released the Fifth Assessment Report. According to the report, atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases increased to dangerous levels and the ‘scientific hypothesis’ that climate change results from human activities became a ‘scientific fact.’

The most serious threat of climate change is ‘global warming.’ Even now, Earth’s atmosphere and oceans are getting warmer and the amount of snow and ice are being reduced. Consequently, the sea levels have been rising and islands are being gradually submerged. People in island countries are at the risk of losing places to live.

Climate change is an urgent matter directly related to the survival of humanity

2013 abnormal climate phenomena all over the world

There are direct impacts of climate change like heat waves, droughts, floods, and forest fires as well as indirect impacts like soaring prices and food security issues, etc. These issues are significant threats particularly to the livelihood and survival of the most vulnerable group of the poor.

The major cause of climate change is global warming

 Surface temperature change over the past 100 years

The excessive amounts of carbon dioxide and methane emitted from human activities such as world urbanization, industrialization, and deforestation have accelerated global warming and those are considered as the major causes of climate change. Especially, the concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide are unprecedented levels in the last 800,000 years.

Sea level has been rising as a result of global warming

 Sea level change over the past 20 years measured by satellite (CSIRO)

In the 20th century, the Global Mean Sea Level (GMSL) rose by 10 to 20 centimeters according to satellite measurement data. However, the annual rate of rise over the past 20 years has been 3.2 millimeters a year, approximately twice the average speed of the preceding 80 years.

If greenhouse gas emissions continue unabated in the current trend, the temperature of the earth will rise 3.7 degrees Celsius on average and the sea level will rise by 63 cm by the end of this century.