월요일, 6월 22, 2015

Peace for future generations from solving global crisis

Have you ever heard of ‪#‎보릿고개‬ [Boritgogae: a period of no food]?

After several wars, there is no food in Korea in 1950s.
When people were hungry, they overcame the hardship by working together.

In the ‪‎21st century‬, we use the term global family‬, but most of us dimly realize there are 1 billion people suffering from extreme ‪food crisis‬.

However, experts say it is not only an issue for other countries.
Rising international ‪grain prices‬ and growing ‪world population‬…

What is the solution for food crisis?
Make the world better for future generations.
Let’s think about ‪global issues‬.

목요일, 6월 18, 2015

Second Event of Sunhak Peace Prize celebration

<Second Event of Sunhak Peace Prize celebration>

"Save the Earth from Global Warming!"

This event is related to President Anote Tong, one of the dual laureates of the first Sunhak Peace Prize.

>> Introduction of President Anote Tong

Southern pacific island country Kiribati is at risk of being submerged in 50 years.
Because sea level has been rising as a result of global warming.
Presiden Anote Tong has endeavored to overcome climate crisis and protect the human rights for climate refugees.

Let's join the President Anote Tong's movement of reducing global warming.

[How to join]

1. Share this Sunhak Peace Prize Page posting on your blog or social media
2. Post your idea or practice of 'carbon emission reduction for global warming'
3. Write a comment with the link of your posting!

[Go to Sunhak Prize Facebook Page]

June 15 ~ June 30, 2015

[Winners Announcement]
July 3, 2015 on our official website and facebook

Upcycled Backpack (1 person)
Upcycled Tote Bag (2 persons)
Sunhak Peace Prize Bottle (20 persons)

Main Achievements of the laureate Dr. Modadugu V. Gupta

Addressed the expected future food crisis due to climate change, and led the Blue Revolution

Through field research and development of aquaculture methods/technologies suitable for the climate and environment of South and Southeast Asia, Dr. Gupta caused an explosive increase in production known to us now as the Blue Revolution. Having the insight that aquaculture, being able to provide relatively low-cost animal protein, would be the key to solving humanity’s future food crisis, since the 1960’s Dr. Gupta researched and developed compatible fish species that could both thrive in a hot and humid climate and a low-lying environment with seasonal floods. Especially from the latter part of the 1980’s, he correctly identified fish species such as ‘tilapia’ and ‘silver barb ’, which could thrive even in the turbid and shallow waters of Bangladesh and reach market size in five months.

As a result, Bangladesh annual fish production in 1986 which was only about 170,000 tons when the research started, soared to about 850,000 tons when Dr. Gupta retired in 2004. Since 2000, going beyond Asia, Dr. Gupta has striven to develop the right methods of aquaculture that may thrive in Africa, the frontline of world hunger.

Miraculously brought independence and self-sufficiency to the extreme-poor through the spread of innovative aquaculture methods

Dr. Gupta is a saint of the South and Southeast Asian poor, who rather than give fish to the poor and hungry, taught them how to farm fish, cultivating a miracle of independence and self-sufficiency. In order to address the hunger and nutrition deficiency problem of the extreme poor in South and Southeast Asia, Dr. Gupta developed low-cost, highly-efficient methods of aquaculture, and devoted himself to passing down his methods while living with the poor in their environment. As a result, those living in a vicious cycle of extreme poverty and hunger, not just greatly improved their nutritional status, but further instilled in them the hope for a better life.

In the 1970’s, India as a whole was focused on developing high-end aquaculture requiring expert methods and high costs such as shrimp farming benefiting the better-off farmers. However, during this period Dr. Gupta’s attention was on researching aquaculture methods that were low-cost and highly efficient and could be easily managed by the extreme poor and marginal farmers, developing such methods as ‘fish polyculture’, the culturing of a diversified mix of fish species in one pond, and ‘integrated aquaculture-agriculture’, called the eco-friendly method combining aquaculture and agriculture. 
Furthermore, Dr. Gupta built partnerships with the local communities and worked tirelessly to teach his methods to the poor. Starting with small groups of 5~10 landless poor farmers in each group, he helped them to become motivated and taught them aquaculture skills. He worked to create a basis for their economic independence through fish farming in leased ponds with minimum financial support for the start-up costs for fish farming.

Significantly improved the social status and rights of Asian women

Dr. Gupta actively spread aquaculture methods to South and Southeast Asian women with a low social status, resulting in not only increased household incomes and nutrition, but also drastically improved the social status and rights of women. Aware of the fact that some women in poor households in South and Southeast Asian countries have no income because they do not participate in economic activities, Dr. Gupta prepared opportunities for women to participate in economic activities. He personally convinced some of the religious leaders who were negative towards women’s participation in society to allow them to participate more, and motivated women to be self-sufficient and educated poor women farmers on the basic skills required for aquaculture. In addition, he cooperated with local organizations so that women could receive the funding and land necessary for their economic activities. These initiatives were such a great success that now women form considerable work force in fish farming, and this has brought positive changes that has improved women’s rights and status both within the household and in the Society.

수요일, 6월 17, 2015

Main Achievements of the laureate President Anote Tong

Led the international community to act on climate change

His Excellency Anote Tong, President of Kiribati, actively informed the international community about the climate crisis facing low-lying Pacific small island states due to rising sea levels, and led the international community to actively embark on addressing this issue. Even though immediate assistance and cooperation was needed by the international community to achieve climate peace for the future generations by reducing carbon emissions, and adjusting negative developments that threaten the environment, etc., conflicting interests among countries made for a sluggish show of pace.

Thus, in order to raise international awareness on the climate crisis issue, Pres. Tong invited world delegates to Kiribati and held the Tarawa Climate Change Conference (TCCC) on 12 Nov. 2010 and adopted the Ambo Declaration. This is an 18-point resolution calling upon major economies including China and vulnerable nations to address the causes and adverse impacts of climate change, and urge them to embark upon immediate and concrete action. This agreement between the nations was presented at the larger international climate change summit, the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) COP (Conference of Parties) 16 in Cancun, Mexico, and became the basis for the economically developed countries to support countries such as Kiribati vulnerable to climate change. Furthermore, he played a core role in gathering support so that the major economies and developed countries can both actively cope with climate change.

Led the protection of marine ecosystems by paying a price for the future generations

In order to protect the ocean from pollution caused by human greed and intemperance, Pres. Tong let go of his country’s immediately profitable assets in order to protect the marine ecosystem. He led the world’s largest marine protection and ocean management initiative by area in the ‘Phoenix Islands Protected Area’ designation, and ‘Pacific Oceanscape Network Initiative’, etc., and actively took the lead for the conservation of the Pacific Rim as the resource repository for the future generations and the basis for peace.
Efforts to conserve the Pacific Rim started with first relinquishing his own country’s real profitable assets. In 2006, Pres. Anote Tong worked with CI (Conservation International) and the New England Aquarium to create the Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA), encompassing some of the most pristine and coral-rich waters on the planet. Upon its full legal establishment in 2008, PIPA expanded to include more than 400,000km² of ocean prohibiting fishing and other exploitations, making it the world’s largest marine protected area at the time. Two years later it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The area’s rich biodiversity includes an abundance of healthy corals, big sharks, groupers, tuna, giant clams and other marine animals that have been depleted in much of the rest of the world. The Phoenix Islands is also a major source of revenue for the people of Kiribati with its beautiful environment and rich species of fish. Therefore, prohibiting fishing activities and conserving the area also means that the Kiribati economy has had to endure a substantial blow. Yet despite all this, Pres. Tong passed a law prohibiting all commercial fishing within the Phoenix Islands Protected Area explaining that, “These efforts are a significant contribution to the world community in the hope that they would also act.”

Going further, Pres. Tong conceived the Pacific Oceanscape framework, an unprecedented effort among 23 Pacific island nations to collaboratively and sustainably protect, manage, and sustain nearly 40 million km² of ocean. The Pacific Oceanscape concept was introduced to the Pacific Islands Forum by Kiribati in 2009. The Framework for the cooperative stewardship of their combined ocean territories was presented a year later, receiving unanimous endorsement by the heads of state and governments of 15 participating nations. Together, the nations of the Pacific Oceanscape have responsibility for some 10% of the world’s ocean surface, an area four times the size of the United States.

Committed to ensuring the dignity of human rights for climate refugees

Pres. Tong is devoting a significant amount of his energy into defending the rights of his citizens, and contributed greatly in building awareness among the international community on the protection of human rights for climate refugees.

Pres. Tong is establishing a systematic migration policy so that his country’s citizens, who will be forced to leave Kiribati within the next 30 years due to rising sea levels submerging their country, can migrate with their dignity intact. First, he worked diligently to secure funds to buy land for the resettlement, purchasing 24.28 million m² of land in Fiji, and is running the ‘migration with dignity’ vocational education program so that they will not be treated as unstable ‘refugees’ but as valuable members of the work-force with competitiveness and marketability. Even as hope seemed to diminish as his country’s citizens faced the possibility of losing their homes due to climate change, Pres. Tong’s warm love for humanity shined brightly as he strove to safeguard human dignity, and established various expert vocational training programs such as nursing, seamanship, horticulture gardening, etc. as well as linguistics. These efforts by Pres. Tong contributed to the international community urging for higher cooperation for the human rights of climate refugees and cooperation amongst countries regarding migration.

화요일, 6월 16, 2015

Profile of Dr. Modadaugu Vijay Gupta, the first laureate of the Sunhak Peace Prize

Dr. Modadugu Vijay Gupta

Profile of Dr. Modadaugu Vijay Gupta, the first laureate of the Sunhak Peace Prize

Born 1939. 8. 17. India
Calcutta University Ph.D. in Biology

■ Reason for selection

Dr. M. V. Gupta pioneered the blue revolution and has invested his entire life to developing aquaculture as an alternative solution to the future food crisis.

■ Key positions and professional affiliations

- 1962-1971   : Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Assistant Research Officer
- 1971-1977   : Scientist, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR),
- 1977-1981   : Economic and Social Commission for Asia-Pacific (UN-ESCAP), Fish
Breeding Expert, Mekong Secretariat (Lao PDR)
- 1981-1985   : Economic and Social Commission for Asia-Pacific (UN-ESCAP)Senior
Aquaculture Scientist, Mekong Secretariat, Thailand
- 1985-1986   : Senior Fish Farm Management Scientist and Project Leader, Mekong
Secretariat, Lao PDR
- 1986-1989  : UN-FAO Fish Culture Specialist/Officer-In -Charge (Bangladesh)
- 1989-1996  : Senior Aquaculture Specialist/Officer-In-Charge, WorldFish Center (CGIAR)
in Bangladesh, Malaysia, Philippines
- 1989-2008   : Implemented/coordinated projects and programs in over 20 countries in Asia, Africa and the Pacific
- 1996-2002  : Director, International Relations, Worldfish Center (CGIAR)
Research Coordinator, International Network for Genetics in Aquaculture (INGA), initiating aquaculture genetics research projects in Bangladesh, China, Ivory Coast, Egypt, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Malawi, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, etc. that resulted in a number of improved strains of fish.
- 2003-2004  : Assistant Director General, International Relations and Partnerships,
- 2005-present : Dr. Gupta’ advisory services were taken advantage by a number of international organisations such as: The World Bank; The Asian Development Bank; United Nations Development Program (UNDP); Commonwealth Secretariat, Food and Agriculture Organisation of UN (FAO); Mekong River Commission; Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA); London;United States Agency for International Development (USAID); Agriculture Research Center of Netherlands; etc., for their programs in different countries of Asia and Africa.

■ Major honors and awards

- 1978 Outstanding team research in developing low-input, high output aquaculture
methods <Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)>
- 2005 World Food Prize <World Food Foundation >
- 2007 Gold Medal <Asian Fisheries Society>
- 2009 Honorary Life Member Award <World Aquaculture Society>
- 2010 Eminent Agriculture Scientist Award <Government of Andhra Pradesh, India>
- 2015 Nutra India Summit Life Achievement Award <Nutra India Summit>

Profile of Presidenet Anote Tong, the first laureate of the Sunhak Peace Prize

President Anote Tong

Profile of Presidenet Anote Tong, the first laureate of the Sunhak Peace Prize

- Born on 11 June 1952, Fanning Island, Line Islands, Kiribati
- Married to Meme Bernadette, 8 children

■ Reason for selection

President Anote Tong improved global awareness of the severity of climate change and sought for action by the international community for its solution.

■ Professional background

- 1974~1976      : Assistant Secretary (Development), Economic Planning Office, Ministry of Finance
- 1976~1977      : Senior Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Education
- 1978              : Director of Economic Planning, Ministry of Economic Planning
- 1978~1980      : Project Officer, South Pacific Bureau for Economic Cooperation (SPEC)
- 1980~1982      : Secretary for Ministry of Communications & Works
- 1982~1983      : Secretary for Ministry of Natural Resources Development
- 1983~1992      : Director, Atoll Research and Development Unit, USP
- 1993~1994      : Administrative Secretary, Pacific Air-Services Alliance Corp (PASA)
- 1994              : Elected Member of Parliament for Maiana
- 1994~1996      : Minister of Natural Resources Development
- 1996~2003      : Member of Parliament (Boutokaan Te Koaua party)
- July 2003        : Elected President of Kiribati
- October 2007  : Re-elected President of Kiribati

■ Major awards

- 2008 David B. Stone Award (New England Aquarium Foundation)
- 2009 Taiwan Medal Order of Brilliant Jade with Grand Cordon, Speaker of the Legislative Yuan
- 2012 Peter Benchley Ocean Award (Blue Frontier Campaign)
- 2012 Hillary Award (Hilary Institute of International Leadership)

월요일, 6월 15, 2015

MBC NEWSTODAY Inaugural Sunhak Peace Prize 2015 dual laureates

Hello.  This is the SUNHAK Peace Prize blog, the blog that brings you up-to-speed with all the news regarding the ‘prize for all peace loving global citizens.’

In today's posting, we'd like to share with you the news broadcast by MBC NEWSTODAY, the major Korean media station, covering news about the inaugural dual laureates of the Sunhak Peace Prize.

[MBC NEWSTODAY] Inaugural Dual Laureates of the Sunhak Peace Prize

The first Sunhak Peace Prize Laureates are announced in Washington D.C., United States The laureates are President of Kiribati Anote Tong and Dr. Modadugu Vijay Gupta who have made significant contributions to the challenge of ‘climate change’ and ‘food crisis’.

President Anote Tong has been raising public awareness toward global warming of rising sea levels to the international community and has been mentioned as a man worthy to take on the Nobel Peace Prize.

Indian biologist Dr. Gupta has devoted his efforts to developing innovative aquaculture methods to solve the food crisis and is known as a saint of the South and Southeast Asian poor.

Sunhak Peace Prize is established by the late Rev. Sun Myung Moon and his wife Dr. Hak Ja Han Moon and honors individuals and organizations that have made outstanding contributions to peace.

The prize money is the highest amount for a single award in Korea.
The award ceremony will be held in Seoul on August 28.

수요일, 6월 10, 2015

Kiribati president, Indian scientist named winners of Sunhak Peace Prize

Dr. Modadugu Vijay Gupta                                                                     President Anote Tong

 WASHINGTON, June 8 (Yonhap) -- The president of the Central Pacific island nation of Kiribati and an Indian scientist were named the inaugural winners of a peace prize established by the wife of late Unification Church founder Moon Sun-myung, organizers said Monday.

 Kiribati President Anote Tong was selected for his role in the fight against climate change, while Indian biologist Modadugu Vijay Gupta was recognized for his development and dissemination of low-cost techniques for freshwater fish farming, organizers of the Sunhak Peace Prize said.

 "Dr. Gupta and President Tong are worthy laureates because they have made the world a better and more peaceful place," said Hong Il-sik, president of the prize committee, in a statement. "Hunger, poverty and climate change lead to global conflict and human suffering, and both men have devoted their lives to furthering peace by finding sustainable solutions to these pressing problems."

 The prize was founded in 2013 by Han Hak-ja, the widow of the late Moon, "to recognize individuals, who have willingly sacrificed themselves for peace, and praise them for their works," the organizers said.

 The winners will be given US$1 million in prize money.

 The award ceremony is scheduled to take place on Aug. 28 in Seoul.

[Source - http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/national/2015/06/09/0301000000AEN20150609000200315.html]

화요일, 6월 09, 2015

$1M Sunhak Peace Prize names first two winners

$1M Sunhak Peace Prize names first two winners

 The first winners of the Sunhak Peace Prize were announced Monday June 8, 2015 at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C., by (left to right) academics Thomas G. Walsh, chairman of the Sunhak Peace Prize Foundation; Il-Sik Hong, chairman of the Sunhak Peace Prize Committee; and Man-Ho Kim, board member of the Sunhak Peace Prize Foundation.

 The winners — Kiribati President Anote Tong and Indian fisheries scientist M. V. Gupta — will both receive $500,000, a medal, certificate and a chance to present their activities to an audience of 1,000 world dignitaries on Aug. 28 in Seoul.

[Source - http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/jun/8/1m-sunhak-peace-prize-names-first-two-winners/]

Statement on Annuncement of the 2015 Sunhak Peace Prize Laureate

Chairman of the Sunhak Peace Prize Committee Il-Sik Hong announced the first laureates

Good afternoon.
The Sunhak Peace Prize was established based on the belief that it is this generation’s responsibility to create a peaceful civilization for future generations. With this vision in mind the Committee, which I chair, focused on the pressing need to combat climate change and food security in order to lay the groundwork for lasting peace. To that end, we have selected His Excellency Anote Tong, President of Kiribati, for his efforts at the forefront of the climate crisis and Dr. Modadugu Vijay Gupta of India, for developing an alternative solution to the expected future food crisis through innovative fish farming methods and inspiring the Blue Revolution. They are our first laureates of the Sunhak Peace Prize.

His Excellency Anote Tong, President of Kiribati, has been raising awareness of the seriousness of the effects of climate change and is leading the search for a global solution. Starting with the threat to his country’s survival, President Tong has been presenting an optimistic and constructive vision dedicated to future generations.

Kiribati is a country on the verge of being submerged under water due to the rise in the sea level. As a consequence, President Tong has drawn the attention of the international community on climate change, and played a core role in gathering support so that both the major economies and developed countries can seek for solutions to actively cope with its effects. Also, Pres. Tong designated part of his coastal Exclusive Economic Zone as a marine protected area to protect the ocean from pollution caused by human greed and intemperance. Through the “migration with dignity policy,” he is investing significant energy into defending the human rights of his citizens fated to leave their homes, which will be submerged within the next 30 years.

It is rare that a leader takes the initiative to prevent and address a global catastrophe such as climate change by making sacrifices. The Sunhak Peace Prize Committee strongly supports the efforts and appeals of Pres. Tong who stated, “In order to respond to the climate change crisis, the people of today must endure the patience and sacrifices of making moral decisions for future generations.”

Throughout his life, Dr. Modadugu Vijay Gupta has been addressing the expected future food crisis by developing methods of aquaculture that benefit small-scale farmers. The aquaculture methods he developed have helped achieve independence and self-sufficiency for countless people in poverty in Southeast Asia and Africa. In particular, he significantly improved the social status and rights of women.

Ignoring threats to his own life by setting up camp in war-torn conflict areas, Dr. Gupta has devoted his efforts to developing environment friendly aquaculture methods/technologies using agriculture wastes and by-products along with innovative implementation practices that benefit small-scale farmers. As a result of his efforts, aquaculture is a possible solution to the future food crisis by being able to provide low-cost, high quality animal protein. In addition, rather than offering support one-sidedly to people in poverty in Asia and Africa, Dr. Gupta taught his methods on how to raise and catch fish to them. By doing this he has paved the way for independence and self-sufficiency, particularly among Southeast Asian and African women, whom he actively taught aquaculture to, greatly improving their social status and women’s rights.

His efforts are based on his love for humanity and his spirit of respect for the lives of those suffering from poverty and hunger. The Sunhak Peace Prize Committee salutes the dedicated services of Dr. Gupta, who has addressed the food crisis facing humankind and has given the poor a sense of hope.

The Sunhak Peace Prize Committee wishes to present a ‘future peace agenda’ that will help lead the human community towards peace. For the 1st Sunhak Peace Prize, the Committee proposes ‘climate change’ and ‘food resource’ as its future peace agenda. The main challenges of the past century to world peace were the overcoming of conflicts and violence among people. However, in the 21st century, catastrophes due to climate change and the food crises are constantly occurring throughout the world. Unless these problems are solved, a world-wide disaster threatens the survival of humanity. Therefore, the Committee has focused on climate change and food security as the main challenges to world peace in the 21st century. We would like to propose the act of subjectively seeking for the wisdom that will save humanity from these crises as the future peace agenda.

Now, drastic action based on moral legitimacy and rationality is needed from the human community. It is our hope that this broad vision will help us come a step closer to a 21st century civilization of peace.

June 8, 2015
Sunhak Peace Prize Committee
Chairman, Il Sik Hong

The first Sunhak Peace Prize Laureat Announcement

Inaugural Sunhak Peace Prize Awarded
To Renowned Sustainable Development Advocates

Winners are: 
President Anote Tong of Kiribati, champion of rising sea level awareness; Dr. M. Vijay Gupta, pioneer of aquaculture to feed rural poor

WASHINGTON D.C., June 8, 2015 – Indian fisheries scientist Dr. M. Vijay Gupta and President Anote Tong of the South Pacific island nation of Kiribati have been selected to receive the inaugural Sunhak Peace Prize, a prestigious award given annually to individuals and/or organizations that contribute to global peace through their commitment to environmental sustainability and innovative solutions to conflict-causing crises.

The two awardees will be honored at a ceremony in Seoul, South Korea, on August 28, 2015. Each will receive the Sunhak Peace Prize medal, certificate and a cash prize of $500,000.

The Sunhak Peace Prize encourages the following:
o   Peace and human development
o   Conflict resolution
o   Ecological conservation

The 2015 Prize celebrates and seeks to promote the link between sustainable development practices and global peace and justice. In the 20th century, peace was threatened by world wars and regional conflicts. The threats to peace and human security in this century prominently include not only territorial disputes and the rise of extremism, but also climate change and its impact on food security and clean water for the world’s most vulnerable citizens. The Prize emphasizes the critical role of interfaith and international cooperation based on respect for human rights as an essential foundation for peace.

President Tong’s Kiribati is a collection of 34 atolls and islands 2,500 miles south of Hawaii. Half of Kiribati’s 103,000 citizens live on Tarawa Atoll, which has an average elevation of less than seven feet above sea level. Studies show that the ocean is rising around Kiribati at the rate of three millimeters a year, more than twice the global average. President Tong has drawn international attention and respect for his tireless warnings about the danger of rising seas that results from climate change. His nation could be uninhabitable by the 2050s.

Dr. Gupta is a renowned researcher from India who spent his career creating innovative ways to feed the rural poor by developing and disseminating techniques for low-cost fish farming. For his achievements, Dr. Gupta won the 2005 World Food Prize. He served as the assistant director general at WorldFish, an international fisheries institute located in Malaysia.

“We are honored to announce that the first Sunhak Peace Prize will be presented to these two deserving individuals,” said Il-Sik Hong, former president of Korea University and chairman of the Sunhak Peace Prize Committee. “President Tong and Dr. Gupta are worthy Laureates because they have made the world a better and more peaceful place. Hunger, poverty and climate change lead to global conflict and human suffering, and both men have devoted their lives to furthering peace by finding sustainable solutions to these pressing problems.”

President Tong, in an effort to preserve his nation and its threatened way of life, has designated 408,250 square kilometers of his country’s waters as a “marine protected area.”  To prevent his people from becoming climate change refugees, he has instituted vocational training for a “mass migration with dignity” plan. Nurses and technicians have begun to resettle in Australia and New Zealand. President Tong bought 2,000 hectares of land in Fiji last year and is considering relocating his population.

Dr. Gupta is an Indian fisheries scientist known as an architect of the “Blue Revolution” – or the productive use of ocean resources – and has been a leader in teaching the rural poor how to fish sustainably. His aquaculture methods have dramatically reduced hunger in Southeast Asia and have empowered rural women with low social status. 

For more information about the Sunhak Peace Prize, click http://Sunhakprize.com/eng/

The first Sunhak Peace Prize Award Theme

“The ‘OCEAN’ is essential to the future peace of humanity”

The Sunhak Peace Prize for the peace of humanity has focused on the ocean as its 2015 thematic focus.

In the 20th century, the causes threatening the peace of humanity were wars and conflicts between regions. However, in the 21st century, the complex problems that threaten peace, such as climate change, the food crisis, energy depletion, water scarcity, population growth, urbanization, etc., are all globally linked, and threaten the very survival of humanity. In particular, ‘climate change’ and the ‘food crisis’ are the greatest challenge to peace in the 21st century.

The ocean, covering 71% of the Earth, not only has an absolute ‘climate regulation function’ but also enormous ‘food and resources supply capabilities’. Thus, it is truly a treasure chest essential to peace and human development for future generations.